We may see the words ‘moisture wicking’ used a lot in brands these days to target the majority of men whom are most susceptible to excessive sweating throughout their work day or nervous/anxious date nights. Although the true definition of moisture wicking may be misinterpreted by many because of the assumption that the garments labelled with this capability simply absorbs or draws off liquid by capillary action. In a sense, this assumption is correct that the moisture wicking capability in garments do use capillary action to push away sweat towards the outside of the fabric so it may evaporate, but the best of moisture wicking shirts involves both hydrophobic and hydrophilic capabilities.
Moisture wicking is a technology based on a natural environmental phenomenon that we see in plants, the ability to draw water throughout the plant from the roots to the outer surface. This spectacle is seen in hydrophilic materials, that allows liquid to travel from inside a shirt to the outside towards evaporation.
So, with a mix of hydrophobic technology that repels liquids and hydrophilic technology that act as capillary for the water to travel towards the hydrophobic action is astounding.
Natural materials such as cotton does draw in liquids and does not dry quickly, but with hydrophilic and hydrophobic technology embedded in these natural materials allows for quicker drying without stains or sweat pit stains trapped within the cottons fibers. With science now inspired by nature, the 21st century of fashion has arrived!